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Wave energy recovery in coastal zones can provide mitigation of flooding and play a very important role in the protection of the coastline.
Wave energy potential off the coast of Benin has been investigated from ECMWF ERA reanalysis (ERA40 + ERA-Interim). ERA data have been adjusted with in situ data coming from the buoy installed off Autonomous Port of Cotonou (Benin) over a period of 60 years. Next, wave energy resources have been evaluated using the Wang and Lu  model for medium water depths.
The simulated results showed that in Benin's coastal area, wave energy is moderate and available. At a seasonal scale, wave energy increases from January to August, decreases until December with values ranging from 9.84 to 22.35 kW/m and an average of 15.64 kW/m. The maximum value has been observed in summer and autumn. At the inter-annual scale, an increasing trend of wave energy has been observed with a fluctuation of about of 2.47 kW/m. Wave energy resource available in Benin's coastal area has been evaluated to 144.99 kWh/m per wavefront.
Wave energy resources would be an efficient supplemental source, and its exploitation would contribute to energy self-sufficiency and play an important role in the coastal protection of the country.